List of cryptocurrencies

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This is a list of cryptocurrencies. The number of cryptocurrencies available over the internet as of 10 April 2018 is over 1565 and growing.[1] A new cryptocurrency can be created at any time.[2] By market capitalization, Bitcoin is currently (April 10, 2018) the largest blockchain network, followed by Ethereum, Ripple, Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin, and EOS.[3]

Cryptocurrencies[edit | edit source]

Below are some notable cryptocurrencies:

Release Status Currency Symbol Founder(s) Hash algorithm Programming language of implementation Cryptocurrency blockchain
(PoS, PoW, or other)
Notes Governance
2009 Active Bitcoin BTC,[4][5] XBT, Satoshi Nakamoto[nt 1] SHA-256d[6][7] C++[8] PoW[7][9] The first decentralized ledger currency. Cryptocurrency with the most famous, popular, notable and highest market capitalization. No
2011 Active Litecoin LTC, Ł Charlie Lee Scrypt C++[10] PoW The first cryptocurrency to use Scrypt as a hashing algorithm. No
2011 Active Namecoin NMC Vincent Durham[11][12] SHA-256d C++[13] PoW Also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS. No
2011 Active SwiftCoin STC Daniel Bruno SHA-256 PoW First digital coin with theoretical value based on the work required to produce electricity. First block chain to support currency creation by interest paid on debt. Solidus Bond proto smart-contract. One of the first digital coins patented in the US. First block chain to support encrypted mail with attachments. No
2012 Active Bytecoin BCN CryptoNote C++[14] PoW First cryptocurrency based on the CryptoNote algorithm. Focused on user privacy through impassive and anonymous transactions No
2012 Active Peercoin PPC Sunny King
SHA-256d[16] C++[17] PoW & PoS The first cryptocurrency to use POW and POS functions. No
2013 Active Dogecoin DOGE, XDG, Ð Jackson Palmer
& Billy Markus[18]
Scrypt[19] C++[20] PoW Based on an internet meme. No
2013 Active Emercoin EMC EvgenijM86 & Yitshak Dorfman SHA-256 C++[21] PoW & PoS Trusted storage for any small data: acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS, PKI store, SSL infrastructure and other. No
2013[22] Active Feathercoin FTC, Peter Bushnell, Brasenose College of Oxford University NeoScrypt C++[23] N/A Approx. 60 seconds block time No
2013[24][25] Active Gridcoin GRC Rob Hälford [26] Scrypt C++[27] Decentralized PoS The first cryptocurrency linked to citizen science through the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing[28][29] No
2013 Active Primecoin XPM Sunny King
1CC/2CC/TWN[30] TypeScript, C++[31] PoW[30] Uses the finding of prime chains composed of Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains for proof-of-work, which can lead to useful byproducts. No
2013 Active Ripple[32][33][34] XRP[34] Chris Larsen &
Jed McCaleb[35]
ECDSA[36] C++[37] "Consensus" Designed for peer to peer debt transfer. Not based on bitcoin. No
2013 Active Nxt NXT BCNext
SHA-256d[38] Java[39] PoS Specifically designed as a flexible platform to build applications and financial services around its protocol. No
2014 Active Auroracoin AUR Baldur Odinsson
Scrypt C++[41] PoW Created as an alternative to fiat currency in Iceland. No
2014 Inactive Coinye KOI, COYE Scrypt PoW Used American hip hop artist Kanye West as its mascot, abandoned after trademark lawsuit. No
2014 Active Dash DASH Evan Duffield &
Kyle Hagan[42]
X11 C++[43] PoW & Proof of Service[nt 2] A bitcoin-based currency featuring instant transactions, decentralized governance and budgeting, and private transactions. Yes[44]
2014 Active NEO NEO Da Hongfei & Erik Zhang SHA-256 & RIPEMD160 C#[45] dBFT Chinese based cryptocurrency (formerly ANT Shares which produce ANT Coins) name change August 2017 to NEO and GAs, these enable the development of digital assets and smart contracts. Yes
2014 Active MazaCoin MZC BTC Oyate Initiative SHA-256d C++[46] PoW The underlying software is derived from that of another cryptocurrency, ZetaCoin.
2014 Active Monero XMR Monero Core Team CryptoNight[47] C++[48] PoW Privacy-centric coin using the CryptoNote protocol with improvements for scalability and decentralization. No
2014 Active NEM XEM UtopianFuture (pseudonym) SHA3-512 Java[49] POI The first hybrid public/private blockchain solution built from scratch, and first to use the Proof of Importance algorithm using EigenTrust++ reputation system. Yes
2014 Active PotCoin POT Potcoin core dev team Scrypt C++[50] PoS Developed to service the legalized cannabis industry No
2014 Active Synereo AMP AMP Dor Konforty & Greg Meredith[51] PoS Scala, Java[52] PoS Trying to create a world computer, Synereo’s 2.0 tech stack incorporates all faculties needed to support decentralized computation without central servers.[53] No
2014 Active Titcoin TIT Edward Mansfield & Richard Allen[54] SHA-256d TypeScript, C++[55] PoW The first cryptocurrency to be nominated for a major adult industry award.[56]
2014 Active Verge XVG Sunerok Scrypt, x17, groestl, blake2s, and lyra2rev2 C, C++[57] PoW
2014 Active Stellar XLM Jed McCaleb Stellar Consensus Protocol (SCP) [58] C, C++[59] Stellar Consensus Protocol (SCP) [58] Open-source, decentralized global financial network. The usage is for remittances, micropayments, services for the underbanked, mobile money/branches and professional setups.
2014 Active Vertcoin VTC Bushido Lyra2RE[60] C++[61] PoW Next-gen ASIC resistance and first to implement stealth addresses.
2015 Active Ether or "Ethereum" ETH Vitalik Buterin[62] Ethash[63] C++, Go[64] PoW Supports Turing-complete smart contracts. No
2015 Active Ethereum Classic ETC Ethash[63] PoW An alternative version of Ethereum[65] whose blockchain does not include the DAO Hard-fork.[66][67] Supports Turing-complete smart contracts. No
2015 Active Tether USDT Jan Ludovicus van der Velde[68] Omnicore [69] PoW Tether is backed by the USD so that one tether is exactly equal to $1USD. It is commonly used to convert other cryptocurrencies to USD.[70] No
2016 Active Decred DCR Blake-256 Go[71] PoW/PoS Hybrid Built in governance and hybrid PoW/PoS. Yes[72]
2016 Active Waves Platform WAVES Sasha Ivanov PoS Scala, JavaScript[73] PoS Open blockchain platform, featuring token creation, distributed exchange and fast, high volume, transactions designed for ease of use[74] and mass adoption.
2016 Active Zcash ZEC Zooko Wilcox Equihash C++[75] PoW The first open, permissionless financial system employing zero-knowledge security.
2017 Inactive BitConnect BCC
2017 Active Bitcoin Cash BCH[76] SHA-256d PoW Hard fork from Bitcoin, Increased Block size from 1mb to 8mb
2017 Active EOS.IO EOS Dan Larimer WebAssembly, Rust, C, C++[77] delegated PoS Feeless Smart contract platform for decentralized applications and decentralized autonomous corporations with a block time of 500 ms.[78][77] Yes
2018 Active Cardano ADA Charles Hoskinson & Jeremy Wood Haskell[79] Ouroboros PoS Yes
2018 Inactive KodakCoin Kodak and WENN Digital Ethash[80] KodakCoin is a "photographer-centric" blockchain cryptocurrency used for payments for licensing photographs.
2018 Active Petro Venezuela Government onixCoin[81] C++[82] First cryptocurrency backed by Venezuela's reserves of oil.
2018 Proposed Petro gold Venezuela Government Announced by President Nicolás Maduro February 21, 2018

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. It is not known whether the name "Satoshi Nakamoto" is real or a pseudonym, nor whether it represents one person or a group.
  2. Via Masternodes containing 1000 DASH held as collateral for "Proof of Service". Through an automated voting mechanism, one Masternode is selected per block and receives 45% of mining rewards.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "All Cryptocurrencies | CoinMarketCap". Retrieved December 31, 2017. 
  2. Cryptocurrencies: A Brief Thematic Review. Economics of Networks Journal. Social Science Research Network (SSRN). Date accessed August 28, 2017.
  3. "All Currencies | CryptoCurrency Market Capitalizations". Retrieved December 31, 2017. 
  4. Dixon, Lance (December 24, 2013). "Building Bitcoin use in South Florida and beyond". Miami Herald. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  5. Spaven, Emily (December 3, 2013). "Bitcoin price could reach $98,500, say Wall Street analysts". CoinDesk. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  6. Taylor, Michael Bedford (2013). "Bitcoin and the age of bespoke silicon" (PDF). Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Compilers, Architectures and Synthesis for Embedded Systems. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press. ISBN 978-1-4799-1400-5. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Steadman, Ian (May 7, 2013). "Wary of Bitcoin? A guide to some other crypto currencies". Wired UK. Condé Nast UK. 
  8. "Bitcoin on GitHub". 
  9. Hobson, Dominic (2013). "What is Bitcoin?". XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students. 20 (1). Association for Computing Machinery. pp. 40–44. doi:10.1145/2510124. ISSN 1528-4972. 
  10. "Litecoin on GitHub". 
  11. "vinced/namecoin: Vince's tree – see namecoin/namecoin for main integration tree". GitHub. Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  12. Keller, Levin (March 19, 2011). "Namecoin – a distributed name system based on Bitcoin". Prezi. 
  13. "Namecoin on GitHub". Retrieved 2018-02-04. 
  14. "Bytecoin Core Developer's GitHub page". 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Boase, Richard (November 20, 2013). "Litecoin spikes to $200m market capitalization in five hours". CoinDesk. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  16. Bradbury, Danny (November 7, 2013). "Third largest crypto currency peercoin moves into spotlight with Vault of Satoshi deal". CoinDesk. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  17. "Peercoin on GitHub". 
  18. A History of Dogecoin. Dogecoin Analysis Report. Social Science Research Network (SSRN). Accessed December 28, 2017.
  19. "Intro – Dogecoin # Technical specifications". Retrieved December 14, 2013. 
  20. "Dog E Coin on GitHub". 
  21. "Emercoin on GitHub". 
  22. "What Feathercoin offers with links and explanations | Feathercoin Forum". 2018-01-13. Archived from the original on 2018-01-13. Retrieved 2018-01-13. 
  23. "FeatherCoin on GitHub". 
  24. Halford, Rob (October 6, 2013). "GRIDCOIN – GRC (The environmentally conscious coin)". Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  25. Wagner, Andrew. "Putting the Blockchain to Work For Science!". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved April 9, 2016. 
  26. "New Coin Launch Announcement - GRC - GridCoin - GRIDCOIN GRC -". Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  27. "GridCoin on GitHub". 
  28. Halford, Rob. "Gridcoin: Crypto-Currency using Berkeley Open Infrastructure Network Computing Grid as a Proof Of Work" (PDF). Retrieved April 11, 2016. 
  29. "GridCoin: Using the Blockchain for Good". CoinTelegraph. Retrieved April 9, 2016. 
  30. 30.0 30.1 "FAQ · primecoin/primecoin Wiki · GitHub". Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  31. "Primecoin on GitHub". 
  32. Chayka, Kyle (July 2, 2013). "What Comes After Bitcoin?". Pacific Standard. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  33. Vega, Danny (December 4, 2013). "Ripple's Big Move: Mining Crypto currency with a Purpose". Hearst Seattle Media, LLC, a division of The Hearst Corporation. 
  34. 34.0 34.1 Brown, Ariella (May 17, 2013). "10 things you need to know about Ripple". CoinDesk. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  35. Simonite, Tom (April 11, 2013). "Big-name investors back effort to build a better Bitcoin". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  36. "How it works – Ripple Wiki". Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  37. "Rippled on GitHub". 
  38. "NXT Whitepaper". NxtWiki – Whitepaper. Archived from the original on February 3, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2014. 
  39. "NXT on Bitbucket". 
  40. Casey, Michael J. (March 5, 2014). "Auroracoin already third-biggest cryptocoin–and it's not even out yet". The Wall Street Journal. 
  41. "Auroracoin on GitHub". 
  42. Scharr, Jill (May 28, 2014). "What is Dash? An FAQ". Tom's Guide. 
  43. "Dash on GitHub". 
  45. "NEO on GitHub". 
  46. "MazaCoin on GitHub". 
  47. "CryptoNight – Bitcoin Wiki". June 19, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  48. "Monero on GitHub". 
  49. "NEM on GitHub". 
  50. "PotCoin on GitHub". 
  51. Meredith, Greg. "A Brief History of Synereo". Synereo Blog. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  52. "Synereo on GitHub". 
  53. "Synereo and NFX Guild Launch Strategic Partnership to Build a Decentralized Internet". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
  54. Mercier Voyer, Stephanie. "Titcoin Is a Brand New Cryptocurrency for Porn Purchases". Vice Magazine. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  55. "Titcoin on GitHub". 
  56. "Titcoin Receives Two Web & Tech XBIZ Nominations". Payout Magazine. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
  57. "Verge on GitHub". 
  58. 58.0 58.1 " White Papers" (PDF). 
  59. "Stellar on GitHub". 
  60. "Lyra2RE – A new PoW algorithm for an ASIC-free future" (PDF). November 29, 2014. 
  61. "Vertcoin on GitHub". 
  62. "Out in the Open: Teenage Hacker Transforms Web Into One Giant Bitcoin Network". Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  63. 63.0 63.1 "Ethash". Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  64. "Ethereum on GitHub". 
  65. "README/ at master". Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  66. Adinolfi, Joseph. "Exclusive: Grayscale launches digital-currency fund backed by Silver Lake's co-founder Hutchins". MarketWatch. Retrieved April 27, 2017. 
  67. Wirdum, Aaron van. "Rejecting Today's Hard Fork, the Ethereum Classic Project Continues on the Original Chain: Here's Why". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved April 27, 2017. 
  68. "Mystery Shrouds Tether". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 27, 2017. 
  69. ""Tether White Paper"" (PDF). Tether. Retrieved December 27, 2017. 
  70. ""What is Tether"". tether. Retrieved December 27, 2017. 
  71. "Decred on GitHub". 
  73. "Waves Platform on GitHub". 
  74. "The Birth Of A Blockchain: From Ripples To Making 'Crypto' Waves". Forbes. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  75. "Zcash on GitHub". 
  76. "Bitcoin Cash Markets and Dillema". CryptoCoinCharts. Retrieved September 14, 2017. 
  77. 77.0 77.1 "Documentation: EOS.IO Documents". February 10, 2018 – via GitHub. 
  78. "Web Assembly on EOS - 50,000 Transfers Per Second — Steemit". 
  79. "IOHK/Cardano on GitHub". 
  80. Ray, Tiernan (January 9, 2018). "Kodak CEO: Blockchain Significant, Though Not a Doubling in Stock Price". Barrons. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  81. "Onix's white paper" (PDF). January 13, 2018. Retrieved January 13, 2018. 
  82. "OnixCoin on GitHub".